PHP Quick Scripting Reference (Experts Voice in PHP)

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By default, failed jobs are not retried. If your request handler finds this header it can trust that the request is a cron request.

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If the header is present in an external user request to your app, it is stripped. The exception being requests from logged in administrators of the application, who are allowed to set the header for testing purposes. The cron timeout deadline depends on the instance class and scaling type that is configured for your app:. For more information, see Scaling types and instance classes. Free applications can have up to 20 scheduled tasks. Paid applications can have up to scheduled tasks. Except as otherwise noted, the content of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.

For details, see our Site Policies. Last updated July 1, Send feedback. Use the cron. Example The following is an example cron. Cron job definitions Element Description description Optional. The description is visible in the GCP Console and the development server's admin interface. Surround the description value in quotes. If a cron job's request handler returns a HTTP status code that is not in the range — inclusive App Engine considers the job to have failed.

You can cause failed jobs to be retried by including a retry-parameters block in your configuration file. See the Cron retries section for more information. Defines the schedule of when the cron job runs, see the syntax below. Defining the cron job schedule Cron jobs are scheduled on reoccurring intervals and are specified using a simple English-like format. Sub-daily intervals Use a sub-daily interval to run a job multiple times a day on a repetitive schedule.

You can define either an end-time interval, or a start-time interval: End-time interval : Defines the time between the "end time" of a job and when the next job starts, where the "end time" is either the time at which the job completes or times out. Custom interval You can use a custom interval to define a schedule where your job can run once per day on one or more select days, and in one or more select months. Important considerations for schedule : You must decide if you want to use either a sub-daily interval or a custom interval.

You cannot mix and use elements from the various interval types. The following is an example of an invalid schedule definition: schedule: every 6 hours mon,wed,fri. Only a single instance of a job should run at any time. The Cron service is designed to provide "at least once" delivery; that is, if a job is scheduled, App Engine sends the job request at least one time.

In some rare circumstances, it is possible for multiple instances of the same job to be requested, therefore, your request handler should be idempotent , and your code should ensure that there are no harmful side-effects if this occurs. To set a specific start time or range within which you want your jobs to run, see the syntax for either the Start-time interval or Custom interval. End-time interval examples Use the following examples to help you understand how to define job schedules that use an end-time interval: Starts running every day at and waits 5 minutes in between each job.

After each job ends, the Cron service waits 5 minutes before running the next job: schedule: every 5 minutes Starts running every day at and waits 30 minute in between each job. After each job ends, the Cron service waits 30 minutes before running the next job: schedule: every 30 mins [TYPE]: Daily intervals must include the every prefix. You can define a custom time range or use the 24 hr synchronized option. MM are integers from 00 to Start-time interval examples Use the following examples to help you understand how to define job schedules that use a start-time interval: Runs every 5 minutes from to , every day: schedule: every 5 minutes from to Runs once every hour from to , every day: schedule: every 1 hours from to Runs once every two hours, every day starting at schedule: every 2 hours synchronized [TYPE]: Custom intervals can include the every prefix to define a repetitive interval, or you can define a specific list of days in a month: To define a repetitive interval you can use the every prefix.

Examples: schedule: every day schedule: every monday To define specific days, you must use ordinal numbers. The list must be defined in a comma-separated list and can include either of the following values: The integer value of the day in the month through to a maximum of 31 days, for example: 1 2 3 And up to: 31 The name of the day in a mix of any of the following long or abbreviated values: monday or mon tuesday or tue wednesday or wed thursday or thu friday or fri saturday or sat sunday or sun Use day to specify all days of the week.

Custom intervals can include the of 09.2018 clause, which specifies a single month in a year, or a comma-separated list of multiple months. Example: schedule: 1st monday of sep,oct,nov schedule: 1 of jan,april,july,oct Custom interval examples Use the following examples to help you understand how to define job schedules that use a custom interval: Runs every day at schedule: every day Runs every Monday at schedule: every monday Runs one time on the second Wednesday in March at schedule: 2nd wednesday of march Runs six times in May.

During the first two weeks, it runs one time on each Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at schedule: 1st,second mon,wed,fri of may Runs once a week. Every seven days starting of the first day of every month, it runs once at schedule: 1,8,15,22 of month Runs every other week. On the first and third Monday every month, it runs one time at schedule: 1st,third monday of month Runs three times each year. On the first Monday of September, October, and November, it runs one time at schedule: 1st monday of sep,oct,nov Runs one time each quarter.

On the first day of January, April, July, and October, it runs one time at schedule: 1 of jan,april,july,oct Cron retries If a cron job's request handler returns a status code that is not in the range — inclusive App Engine considers the job to have failed. Here is a sample cron. When omitted from the parameters, the limit is set to 5 by default. The value is a number followed by a unit of time, where the unit is s for seconds, m for minutes, h for hours, or d for days.

At the moment the only way to upgrade from another premodded package is by downgrading it to phpBB there is a written procedure for this and then run the provided upgrade procedure. Compatibility with phpbb mods Many phpbb 2 mods work with Icy Phoenix and most can with a little effort be made to work on Icy Phoenix. There is a subforum of downloadable mods that have been made to work on the forum software at the official website. Other languages English is the main language of Icy Phoenix, but it has been translated into other languages alphabetical order : Catalan, Dutch, Galego, German, Italian, Serbian, Spanish.

Many authors work on translations. Ingo is a component of the Horde project. Green determined the growing market for Open Source CRM consulting services warranted the formation of a separate organization. Intelestream began as a professional services provider to organizations implementing and customizing the SugarCRM suite of products.

Intelestream's early clients during this period included the National Headquarters for the YMCA By the end of , Intelestream had developed the first fully functional Google Maps integration tool for SugarCRM, marking the company's inaugural step into software development. IMP is a component of the Horde project. It is included with cPanel and Plesk installations as a webmail client. It often integrates email, calendar, address book, notes, tasks, filters and a newsreader with cPanel.

It is written in PHP and primarily uses MySQL as a database management system, although support for other database engines is available. While Invision Power Board is a commercially sold product, there is a large modding community and many of these modifications are free. In addition, many groups offer the download or design of free and paid skins. Their first product was Invision Power Board, another forum package, which quickly gathered a community of former Ikonboard users. Version l. Since then many known exploits have been found, however, many patches have been produced by the community that fix most of the security and exploit problems.

A downloadable trial version of Invision Power Board 2. It was replaced with a free demo with restrictions of posts, threads, members and other restrictions, thus ending its claims that Invision Power Board would be free forever. Many users were upset with this, and some attacked Mecham, making allegations of copyright infringement. On July 1, , IPS changed the demo time frame from 15 days to 5 days, and a few months later, it was again reduced to 24 hours, and again to 8 hours for private use. Later, it was increased to 48 hours, and recently it was increased again to 5 days.

Invision Power Board When version 2. Just as with IPB 1. However, no modifications exist which make IPB 2. It was also renamed to IP. Invision Power Board 2. The administrator's control panel was completely redesigned, and the posting options were renovated to feature viewable text properties Rich Text Editor , such as bold, italics, underline, etc.

The viewing styles were also redone, and a number of various other changes were made including the use of AJAX in many new features. It was the first version to undergo a security audit by a company named Gulftech to find any security holes missed by the IPS development team as part of their ongoing effort to keep IPB as secure as possible.

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor)

The new version also includes minor changes to the Administration Control Panel, and also an entirely redesigned profile system. In version 2. The release is mainly to assist in forums that have larger traffic and include advanced integration with other IPS product lines. This page replaced the "Admin" tab as the default page in the Admin Panel. Version 3. The official announcement of the new release was on June 25, This version is the next major release milestone of the Forum Software.

It includes many promised features such as a new overall design and optimization of the software, a reputation type feature where users can rate individual posts, the PM Personal Message system becoming a conversation styled feature as Google has done with GMail , friendly URLs, and many more enhancements.

The encoding technology grew out of earlier work on the PHP Accelerator project , and at first launch included an online encoding service where PHP scripts can be uploaded and an encoded version downloaded in return, and a command line tool for Linux soon after. The tools use the technique of compiling to bytecode prior to encoding so that source code is eliminated, and runtime overheads are reduced.

A PHP extension called the ionCube Loader handles the reading and execution of encoded files at runtime. IPF allowed web applications to be packaged as a Windows executable installer that would automatically deploy the web application to a remote server, as well as performing various installation and configuration tasks, and launching the browser on the main page of the installed application.

It is written in PHP, stores data in MySQL and includes features such as page caching, RSS feeds, printable versions of pages, news flashes, blogs, polls, search, and support for language internationalization. Within its first year of release, Joomla was downloaded 2. Over 5, free and commercial plug-ins are available for Joomla [3] History Joomla!

At that time, the Mambo name was trademarked by Miro International Pty Ltd, who formed a non-profit foundation with the stated T41 purpose to fund the project and protect it from lawsuits. The Joomla! The project team leader Andrew Eddie, AKA "MasterChief" wrote an open letter to the community which appeared on the announcements section of the public forum at mamboserver. A little more than one thousand people had joined the opensourcematters. This event created controversy within the free software community about the definition of "open source".

Forums at many other open source projects were active with postings for and against the actions of both sides. Joomla In the two weeks following Eddie's announcement, teams were re-organized, and the community continued to grow. On August 18, , Andrew Eddie called for community input on suggested names for the project. The core team indicated that it would make the final decision for the project name based on community input.

The core team eventually chose a name that was not on the list of suggested names provided by the community. On September 1, the new name, "Joomla! It is the English spelling of the Swahili word jumla meaning "all together" or "as a whole. Following the logo selection, brand guidelines, a brand manual, and a set of logo resources were then published on ri2i October 2, for the community's use.

Joomla 1. It was a re-branded release of Mambo 4. In Louis Landry received the "Most Valued Person" award for his role as Joomla architect and development coordinator. The most recent release 28 May is 1. In May and June , beta versions of 1. Deployment Joomla can be installed manually from source code on a system running a web server which supports PHP applications. Manual installation usually requires more time and experience than other alternatives such as installing Joomla from a package management system or using a TurnKey Joomla appliance which pre-integrates Joomla and its dependencies as a ready-to-use system There are numerous web hosting companies who provide a control panel which automates the deployment of a basic Joomla web site.

Retrieved 16 June [3] Dan Rahmel. Beginning Joomla! Second ed. ISBN Packt Publishing. Retrieved 1. It works with multilingual sites by integrating JoomFish component support. Main Features List rewrites original Joomla! February 19, PHP Magazine. January 30, WSS Company. July 28, Small Business Trends. March 3, Will be included in the core of PHP 6. In older releases, the encoder will only work with PHP versions from the 4.

Created before ionCube Ltd. In response to early concerns raised by Zeev Suraski of Zend Technologies about the effect that an open source rival might have on their commercial alternative, the author of PHPA chose to keep the project closed source. Although closed source, the availability of PHPA on a wide variety of platforms led to its extensive adoption world wide from small sites to List of PHP accelerators Yahoo!. It also inspired the redevelopment of APC to use the shared memory execution techniques that PHPA and Zend Cache had adopted instead of deserialization on each request that incurred performance penalties.

Other accelerators such as mmcache subsequently appeared in later years. PHPA is now discontinued and the development of a more advanced replacement has been announced. Only supports PHP 4. No new versions on the download page since Jan. It is tested on linux and supported under Windows, for thread-safe and non-thread-safe versions of PHP. This relatively new opcode caching software has been developed by mOo, one of developers of Lighttpd, to overcome some of the limitations of the existing solutions at that time; such as being able to use it with new PHP versions as they arrive.

PhpExpress also caches the files and thus provides a speed boost even for non-encoded files. It stores precompiled script bytecode in the shared memory. This eliminates the stages of reading code from the disk and compiling it on future access. For further performance improvement, the stored bytecode is optimized for faster execution.

This component works out-of-the-box and therefore does not require any configuration or changes to the application code. It has a complete set of performance capabilities that includes more than a simple PHP accelerator. It also includes detailed PHP monitoring and root cause analysis support to help in tuning and debugging, session fail-over support for HA High Availability needs and other integration capabilities including Java integration.

Combination of all these caches results in significant performance improvements for PHP applications hosted on Windows. Retrieved September 28, This feature is officially deprecated as of PHP 5. Concept The rationale behind magic quotes is to "help [prevent] code written by beginners from being dangerous. Developers can then in theory use string concatenation safely to construct SQL queries with data provided by the Criticism Magic quotes were enabled by default in new installations of PHP3 and 4, and since their operation is behind the scenes and not immediately obvious, developers may be unaware of their existence and the potential problems that they can introduce.

The PHP documentation points out several pitfalls and recommends that, despite being enabled by default, they should be disabled. They may be rendered directly to the screen, stored in a session, or previewed before saving. This can result in backslashes being added where they are not wanted and being shown to the end user. This bug often creeps into even widely used software. For instance, a user-supplied value might be inserted into a database — protected by magic quotes — and later retrieved from the database and used in a subsequent database operation.

The latter use is not protected by magic quotes, and a naive programmer used to relying on them may be unaware of the need to protect it explicitly. Magic quotes offer no protection for databases not set up to support escaping quotes with a backslash. In November the core PHP developers decided on account of these problems that the magic quotes feature would be removed from PHP 6. Since the construction of SQL queries is considered "dangerous" in this context, this forces the programmer to address the problem.

Tainting does not solve the problem, but it does highlight those instances where there is a problem so that the programmer is able to solve them appropriately. PHP documentation. WordPress issue tracker. MySQL 5. Programming Ruby. Joel on Software: Painless Software Management. Stable release 4. Features Mambo includes advanced features such as page caching to improve performance on busy sites, advanced templating techniques, and a fairly robust API.

It can provide RSS feeds and automate many tasks, including web indexing of static pages. Advanced interface features include printable versions of pages, news flashes, blogs, forums, polls, calendars, website searching, language internationalization, and many others.

The Mambo Foundation is a non-profit entity established under the laws of Australia. The Mambo Foundation's brief is to foster the development of the Mambo system and to shelter the project from threats and misuse. May The mamboserver. From this time until the middle of , Miro was the only developer of Mambo, contributing bug-fixes and security patches but not really extending the code or adding to the feature sets. By this time, almost all of the original Miro code had disappeared during refactoring. The problem was severe and cost money, man hours, and eventually the loss of some key community leaders.

Miro came to the aid of Mambo, offering legal and corporate resources to protect the development team and preserve the program. This committee was designed to govern the Mambo project. Domain Names, hosting etc. He concluded his statement with,"So there you have it: two very key people in the overall success of Mambo are at the helm.

Trust me, Mambo is in very, very safe hands! People express suspicion over the level of involvement by Miro International. By the end of August, the new project is named Joomla! The two code-bases are almost identical at this stage. Miro Software Solutions continues to develop Jango and other proprietary software under new ownership. Chad Auld takes over the role as Core Developer Team leader. The Mambo Foundation is now T completely independent of any corporate interest. This is a maintenance release for the 4.

This is the final release of the Mambo 4. Ozgur Cem Sen becomes core development team [31] leader. Ozgur Cem Sen leaves the project shortly thereafter. Who forked Mambo as they felt that Mambos policies, processes, and priorities of the official Mambo Foundation were having a negative T impact on the code and the community. Codename 'Sunrise', Mambo 4. Codename 'Jupiter', Mambo 4. All future releases will require PHP 5. Mambo software Future development The next major release of Mambo 5.

Stable release 2. It has attracted many users due to its ease of use. Features Merlintalk includes advanced features such as page caching to improve performance on busy sites, advanced templating techniques, and a fairly robust API. License merlinTalk is Supplied free to any non Profit Website Institution and for a small price to other commercial Institutions. The company was founded by George Joseph. A few of these are still kept at Working Condition at the Bangalore Office. Future development The next major release of merlinTalk 3.

MetaBB is used by many forum users and webmasters. Most of the features that MetaBB has can be turned off or on for greater flexibility.

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It started in with development but soon became a premod in demand. Its mods flow more than other premods that jam unnecessary mods into their premod. In October MetaBB 7. More is planned for the future but it is slowly progressing to the latest version of phpBB. Mods Modifications Mods from phpBB, its users, and some popular mods have been added to MetaBB to give forum owners a wider range of tools, options, and entertainment.

The mods can be turned off to fit the needs of the specific forum. More updated mods are being added to the selection of mods. Who forked Mambo as they felt that Mambos policies, processes, and priorities of the official Mambo Foundation were having a negative impact on the code and the T21 community. The initial fork is based on a Mambo 4. The project also launches it official site designs and creates the official logo. This version was the 4. User Interface YUI upgrade from 2.

It provides an object-oriented and replicated environment for building data-intensive applications. Communications between applications written in the different languages happen over D-Bus [13]. The project follows the synchronized, 6 month release cycle that is implemented by several major open source projects like Ubuntu and GNOME. Because of this, the version numbering reflects to year and month of a ri7i release.

The version 8. Most of the [ [24] Midgard developer community comes from the Baltic region, and the project has been referred by CMS T Watch as the Hanseatic League of Content Management History Midgard Project was started in early by Jukka Zitting and Henri Bergius for a Finnish historical reenactment organization — Harmaasudet — as a system for them to publish their material online. Since the organization didn't have resources to maintain a large development project by itself, the open source model [9R] was chosen for creating a community of contributors to the system.

The version 1. It attracted a steady stream of users, and the development project flourished despite quite primitive early user interfaces Commercial services for the platform started to appear in early One of the first adopters was Envida, a Dutch company that realized the potential of Midgard for Web hosting purposes.

This included development of shared content editing clients like Twingle and tutorials in various conferences. Midgard also featured in F. First application not connected with content management was Nemein. In May the Nemein. It also runs in organizations like Helsinki University of Technology and Maemo.

It has been used by New Zealand government for running the country's eGovernment portal Midgard has seen some non-Web use also, including providing synchronization with the Tomboy note-taking application for Linux desktop In addition to regular content management, Midgard is seeing use in special web application scenarios like Lufthansa's system for managing global marketing budgets.

This licensing scheme qualifies Midgard as free software developed with an open source model. Applications developed using the Midgard application programming interfaces API can be copyrighted and licensed under any terms by their authors, enabling creation of commercial products and services based on the platform. Press release. Web Techniques. The Midgard Project.

Wiki Matrix. CMS Watch. Midgard software [26] Zitting, Jukka. Zea Partners. Wyona Pictures. Net 1. CWA New Media. Ars Technica. Examples of such environments include hosted servers and Windows systems. The project was abandoned during early s. MindTouch packages some proprietary connectors on top of the open source edition to provide a commercial version of Deki, currently branded 'MindTouch ', which is commercially supported [4] [5] As of 5 February , Deki was the 2nd-ranked project on the open source hosting site SourceForge , where it was Project of the Month in May Architecture Deki API Deki differs from other wikis by decoupling the frontend and the business logic.

This separation means that users can easily interact with the wiki in any language of their choice, using a web services architecture. NET framework. NET platform. The frontend supports embedding rich media and has a built-in image gallery. Deki supports internal and external authentications. Permissions can be applied to individual pages or page hierarchies. DekiScript, a light-weight, interpreted programming language, allows users to add dynamic content to wiki pages.

It can be embedded directly into wiki pages or used in XML extensions. Example DekiScript is inserted using double curly braces. DayName Date. Web 2. Linuxlnsider describes this feature as "let[ting] site admins rope in applications — legacy systems, CRM and ERP apps, databases and Web 2. Language can be specified by user, site, section and pages, adapting the UI to the specified language. Search is available across all languages and results are prioritized by the user s default language.

MindTouch cite the 8. Public deployments T One of the highest profile deployments of Deki is at Mozilla's developer wiki , where over 25, pages were [ [ [ migrated from MediaWiki to Deki. Deki also powers WhoRunsGov. MindTouch website. Its primary goals are to be a faster, smaller and more easy to use alternative to the many other discussion boards available. It is quick and simple to install, use and administer. Currently, Monkey Boards runs on a number of operating systems that are able to support the PHP scripting language.

As of January it had a user base of 45, registered and verified sites, serving 32 million users in 3 million courses. Moodle is developed by Martin Dougiamas to help educators create online courses with a focus on interaction and collaborative construction of content. Moodle's open source license and modular design allow any developer to create additional modules and features. Features Moodle has several features typical of an e-learning platform, plus some original innovations like its filtering system.

Moodle is very similar to a learning management system, but it has many more standard features. Moodle can be used in many types of environments such as in education, training and development, and business settings. Developers can extend Moodle's modular construction by creating plugins for specific new functionality. Moodle users can use PHP to author and contribute new modules. Moodle's development has been assisted by the work of open source programmers.

This has contributed towards its rapid development and rapid bug fixes. Deployment Users can install Moodle from source, but this requires more technical proficiency than other automated approaches ro] such as installing from a Debian package, deploying a ready-to-use TurnKey Moodle appliance or using the Bitnami installer. Some free Moodle hosting providers allow educators to create Moodle-based online classes without installation or server knowledge. Some paid Moodle hosting providers provide value-added services like customization and content-development.

Data goes in a single database. Moodle version 1. E-learning systems can have many dimensions of interoperability. Moodle also has import features for use with other specific systems, such as importing quizzes or entire courses from Blackboard or WebCT. These import tools are not, however perfect. At the time of writing Feb , Moodle will not import Blackboard courses due apparently to some change in php code-releases. Background Origins Martin Dougiamas, a WebCT administrator at Curtin University, Australia, who has graduate degrees in computer science and education, wrote the first version of Moodle; the combined efforts of Todd Ballaban and Alex Trivas popularised the system.

Dougiamas started a Ph. Although how exactly social constructivism makes Moodle different from other eLearning platforms is difficult to Moodle show, it has been cited as an important factor by Moodle adopters. Other Moodle adopters, such as the Open University in the UK, have pointed out that Learning Management Systems can equally be seen as "relatively pedagogy-neutral" ri2i The wiki part of the software was forked from ErfurtWiki. Pedagogical approach ri3i The stated philosophy of Moodle includes a constructivist and social constructionist approach to education, emphasizing that learners and not just teachers can contribute to the educational experience.

However, there are no peer-reviewed studies comparing Moodle to other learning management systems, such as Sakai or Blackboard, that find that Moodle provides a more constructivist environment than any other system. Moreover, a comparison of features between Moodle and other comparable systems shows that Moodle does not provide substantially different tools or functions from other open-source or commercial learning management systems. Moodle does not necessitate a constructivist teaching approach.

Accountability stresses tested outcomes, not teaching techniques, educational value, or pedagogy. Moodle supports an outcomes-oriented learning environment. The word "Moodle" can also function as a verb which describes the improvisational process of doing things as it occurs to you to do them, an enjoyable tinkering that often leads to insight and creativity. As such it applies both to the way Moodle was developed, and to the way a student or teacher might approach studying or teaching an online course.

Only Moodle partners get the right to use the trademark to market their services like Moodle Hosting, Moodle Customization etc. A comprehensive list of the top ten Moodle sites by courses and by users is maintained at moodle. Moodle is also used by the largest vocational training institute in the Australian Capital Territory, the Canberra Institute of Technology. The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen adopted Moodle for all taught programmes across its 12, member student body, in n 71 n si Ali Abureesh's proprietary moodle [20] makkahelearning.

Development Moodle has continued to evolve since since with the current architecture. The current version is 1. It has been translated into 82 different languages. Major improvements in accessibility and display flexibility were developed in 1. Currently, the work is going on to release Moodle 2.

Not having to pay license fees or to limit growth, an institution can add as many Moodle servers as needed. It is often known for individual departments of institutions to use the unlimited feature, such as the maths department of the University of York. The development of Moodle continues as a free software project supported by a team of programmers and an international user community, drawing upon contributions posted to the online Moodle Community website that encourages debate and invites criticism.

Users can freely distribute and modify the software under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 or any later version. D, whose former projects included creation of the relational database management system as proprietary implementation for its' mainframe computers in s used in more than 40 Ministry of Defense organizations in the former USSR. Moxietype uses a flat file database instead of the more common relational database in content management systems. The latest version is 9. Moxietype is a developer hosted platform. After three years of development and numerous other pre-releases, MyBB 1.

On March 9, , MyBB 1. Ox code base. The final release of the 1. It included a thoroughly rewritten and revised code base and over ro] 40 new features. Support for the 1. It featured over 70 features and changes, including a completely rewritten and redesigned administrator control panel, numerous new user moderation features, and a new calendar system.

As with previous releases, MyBB 1. MyBB 1. The current release of MyBB is 1. However, following the change to an open source license, preparations were made to open up MyBB development. On August 19, , the MyBB development site was opened to the public, giving users read access to the MyBB subversion, including both the maintenance branch ri4i and the development trunk, as well as the official bug and feature tracker. Future development MyBB 1. Following the release of MyBB 1.

Currently in planning stages, MyBB 2. A timeline for MyBB 2. Features MyBB includes many features not included in other free forum software. Most notably, it includes a reputation ri7i system, multi-quote, and the ability to create custom BBCode called MyCodes out of the box. Additionally, n si MyBB includes support for multiple calendars with ranged and repeating events , a scheduled mass mail and ri9i newsletter system , and AJAX-based features such as quick reply, quick edit, and inline thread title editing.

For moderators, posts and threads can be managed through inline post and thread moderation, allowing for moderation actions to be applied to multiple posts or threads at the same time. Custom moderator tools allow T administrators to combine moderation actions into individual tools to be used in thread and post moderation. MyBB also includes an extensive warning system, which allows for preset and custom warning types and configurable "warning levels," where actions are automatically performed when a user's warning level reaches a certain percentage.

Plugins require little or no modification to core files through MyBB's extensive use of plugin hooks. Plugins are installed on your forum to give your forum enhancements or changes without having to manually edit loads of files. MyBB has received a score of 8 out of 10 by the reviewers and a score of 9 out of 10 by the users of Forum Softwares Review. A review of MyBB version 1. MyBB is frequently compared to vBulletin because of their similarity in features and use; the main difference of the two softwares is in the license: vBulletin is proprietary software and users should pay for the license, while MyBB is MyBB free software released under the terms of GNU Public License.

Boulton, Chris. Gordon, Ryan. Sisk, Doug. MyBB Group. Forum Softwares Review. It's one of the first game development companies in Ukraine, headquartered in Kharkov. The Company has agreements with leading content providers and major operators of CIS countries. Content Management System MyWAY consists of core and connected major components modules , which allows a successfully generation of big amounts of functions.

The presence of a simple and an understandable interface makes it available and comfortable in usage of a number of clients. MyWAY meets modern requirements of information protection, it is stable against great loading. MEDIA - deals with producing of game projects and placing an advertisement in media bearer of our company such called Product Placement at mobile games. Other plugins can be installed to add additional functionality as well.

According to the official website, Affiliate Niche Script allows one to build and customize a complete Amazon. An Affiliate Niche Script store has some great features such as price tracking, ajax shopping cart, custom reviews, iPhone support, cart tracking plus lots more.


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Ning was co-founded by Marc Andreessen and Gina Bianchini. Ning is Andreessen's third company after Netscape and Opsware. Ning was initially funded internally by Bianchini, Andreessen and angel investors. The free service would be suspended and of the current employees, only 98 would remain. Current users of the free service will have the option to either upgrade to a paid account or transition their content from Ning. Ning is located in downtown Palo Alto, California.

The central feature of Ning is that anyone can create their own social network for a particular topic or need, catering to specific membership bases. At its launch, Ning was a free-form platform for the development and hosting of open-source "social applications. Applications included photo albums, blogging software, and many for sharing business reviews. In late September , Ning narrowed its focus to offering a group website, a photos website, and a videos website for people to copy and use for any purpose.

These three templates were later superseded by a single customizable application aimed at enabling anyone to easily create their own social network. However, Ning does allow developers to have some source level control of their social networks, enabling them to change features and underlying logic. Ning website ri2i Feature modification was temporarily disabled on October 21, The company will replace full source control with the ability to bring in new features or change the logic of existing features via OpenSocial and a set of new APIs to be relaunched in early When someone creates a social network on Ning, it is free by default and runs ads that Ning controls.

If the person creating the social network chooses, they can pay to control the ads or lack thereof , in exchange for a monthly fee. A few other premium services such as extra storage and bandwidth and non-Ning URLs are also available for additional monthly fees. Many educators, ri4i including Latin and Greek teachers, are using Ning for developing educational resources. Developers will be able to run OpenSocial gadgets within their networks. The social networks running on Ning's service are programmed with PHP and the platform itself is built in Java.

In November , Ning announced a partnership with Scripts4Ning, integrating the developer's products directly ri7i into Ning and offering them for free. Ning network administrators can select from options that govern various levels of viewability and membership. This dispute was hotly debated in response to an article in TechCrunch.

Removal of adult networks In December , Ning announced that it would no longer host adult networks. Adult network owners were given just over a month to move their adult content to another provider. The reasons cited for removing adult networks from the platform were that they did not cover the costs of providing them and that they created a disproportionate amount of DMCA takedown notices for copyright infringing material. Removal of search function In November , The search feature of Ning was removed; this T change significantly limits the ability to find existing Ning networks 29, [23] [24].

We'll be phasing out all free Ning Networks. We want to provide a new level of innovation to Network Creators features Network Creators have asked us to. To get there, we nee -and build allthe valuable ation path if vou don't wish to 2. We're introducing new plans and pricing. To help make it easy for vou to come along with us, we've created Ning Network: big, small and in between. That's an unprecede you to go ad-free. If you don't wish to continue as a Network Creator, we'll be follow, weeks to provide you with details on how to close out or migrate y urNing Network.

You'll have What if 1 have more questions? When Creators looked for confirmation on the Creators Network, there was little to no information, canned responses to their questions, and promises of more information in two weeks. Several Ning Employees were also gone with this "notice", although it's unclear whether that is due to layoffs or choice Creators never received a formal notice, although Mr. Rosenthal did eventually post a re-statement of the original post more than 24 hours after the fact On May 4, , Ning Network sent official email to all members: We want to provide a new level of innovation to Network Creators — and build all the valuable features Network Creators have asked us to.

This phasing out of free services won't happen until July, so you'll have plenty of time to weigh your options. We'll do our best to provide you with a migration path if you don't wish to continue with Ning, but we'd love to have you come along for all of the exciting future developments. Bianchini, Gina Ning Blog. First released in , NolaPro is a low-cost alternative to programs like Quickbooks and NetSuite, suited to small, medium and larger businesses.

NolaPro is also available as an on-demand hosted service SaaS model directly from the author, and offers an alternative SaaS license for businesses CPAs, consultants who wish to host and resell it as a client service. Multi-currency is presently being developed for inclusion into the software, making NolaPro one of the few small applications which will fluidly support monetary exchange rates.

An API is now available beta for developers who wish to integrate NolaPro with their in-house or 3rd party applications. NolaPro is presently being translated into numerous languages by the NolaPro community. In support of this, the author has approved 28 public language translation sites to accept contributions. NolaPro's user base continues to grow with Noguska expecting to add over , users during Entrepreneur Magazine.

Features The primary goal is to provide ORM functionality while keeping things easy on the developer. The most exciting feature is the ability to specify additional stipulations when referencing related data such as the orders associated with a particular customer. See the second line of code in the example below. The software has been developed by British software developer Chris Graham since , with contributions from programmer Philip Withnall and designer Allen Ellis.

This security vulnerability was fixed in later versions and several processes were added to make any future vulnerabilities less likely. Associated companies ,[6] In early Elief hosting announced a partnership with ocPortal to include an auto installer within the elief T71 Bitnami announced the release of a new installer stack for ocPortal towards the end of June in [9] hosting platform ro] Installatron, a plugin for hosting control panels also includes ocPortal within its list of included scripts Criticisms ocPortal's weak points have been noted as its relatively small community.

Very few community addons or themes have been released for ocPortal and the activity on forums is dwarfed by large competitors such as Drupal and Joomla. In September of ocPortal was added to the CMS reports top 30 web applications from a list of 1, It is designed to be easy to setup and use.

The project was written in PHP programming language. Until version 2. With version 3. There is no information of a fork yet. If you use Open-Realty in an application you redistribute, the complete source code for your application must be available for no more thai, a reasonable reproduction cost.

Open-Realty is designed to produce computer files for distribution, and the original work may insert into such files text "Attribution Text" which identifies them as having been produced by Open-Realty, Open-Realty's distributor Transparent Technologies, and the terms of or a reference to this license. Whilst the files themselves are not subject to this license, your grant to use, distribute and modify this work is conditional upon your agreement not to make any modification to the work which might causes such Attribution Text to be removed, or its insertion to be modified in a manner which is like to make it materially less readable to those using the files in the manner in which they would customarily be used.

The system has been translated into Spanish, by a professor of Castilian, and is used in the primary school system in Chile. In addition, Colombia, Cube and Venezuela have expressed a interest in this program, stated Mr. Wiesterman of the Chilean government. Operation The catalogue format is based on MARC 21 but records may be imported from other compatible formats.

Versions up to 0. OpenBiblio is designed for small libraries. Administering users' data, loans, returns, reservations and fines. Control of bibliographical records and their copies. Configuration and management of the system. Retrieve and format information from the database, for example: media labels, member cards, overdue letters. History Opus is short for Opus Publishing System.

Opus is also the penguin in Bloom County, a comic strip by Berkeley Breathed which Paul Oldham, who wrote most of the original Opus code, used to read avidly. It was developed to publish a web site and online newspaper for the village of Milton, Cambridgeshire, UK, and then extended into a general-purpose CMS. The default layout has a sidebar with links to articles, and a top-left icon, with a main panel extended right from the sidebar in which the content resides but it is possible, through the use of templates, to create web pages laid out in any way the site owner wishes.

It supports the publication of news articles in a most-recent-first format with an option to allow blogging and to add an RSS feed. It has a flexible authentication system that allows editors to be granted selective rights over different areas of the site. Community [3] The Opus CMS is in use across many web sites , particularly charity and local community groups, and Parish Mi Councils , but it is also used by a number of companies.

Key Features osCommerce MS2. Beyond the basic functionality, osCommerce is able to be augmented, via either community-supplied add-ons or custom code, meaning that it can be customized to meet the specific needs of any business. The following is a list of key features of osCommerce MS2.

Supports physical products as well as product downloads. Unlike its forks, osCommerce MS2. This has been seen as a negative for some. However it does mean that designs can be hand-coded or a template system installed. Limitations Since its release in , a number of issues regarding its functionality have been identified by the user community and recognized, in part, by the development team.

For example: 1. UPS is no longer a standard shipping module but can be added. Downloadable products are not fully secure but can be secured via Add On. Image thumbnails are in fact full size images reduced for display which impacts bandwidth. Stock is not applied to product options but there is an Add On that will allow this Criticisms There are some minor security vulnerabilities regarding possible SQL injection via unchecked PHP code.

Patches are available for affected programs. Customization via Add On or Custom Code means that installation of additional Add Ons may require manual rather than automated installation. While osCommerce is still officially in its development stage, the current Milestone 2.

As of August the osCommerce site says that there are over 14, 'live' websites using the program. This number is almost certainly conservative, given the inclusion of osCommerce in hosting panel application installers such as Fantastico web hosting and its dependency on osCommerce users linking their sites into the osCommerce Live Stores listings. The planned Milestone 3. An early release candidate of osCommerce 3. Introduced along with this release is a new "Social Coding on Github" initiative introduced by osCommerce to liven up a previously slow development cycle. The osCommerce Technical Manual.

Birmingham, UK: Packt Publishing, p. Stig S. Bakken founded the PEAR project in to promote the re-use of code that performs common functions. The project seeks to provide a structured library of code, maintain a system for distributing code and for managing code packages, and promote a standard coding style. It has its own development team, versioning-control and documentation. Each archive consists of source code written in PHP, usually in an object-oriented style. The PEAR base classes contain code for simulating object-oriented destructors and consistent error-handling.

Before installing a package it can also be instructed to take care of package dependencies so all the extra needed packages are installed too. The PEAR package manager is run from the command line using the pear command. Most PHP accelerators work by caching the compiled bytecode of PHP scripts to avoid the overhead of parsing and compiling source code on each request some or all of which may never even be executed.

For best performance, caching is to shared memory with direct execution from the shared memory and the minimum of memory copying at runtime. A PHP accelerator typically reduces server load and increases the speed of PHP code anywhere from 2—10 times, depending on factors such as the inherent execution time of the PHP application and the percentage of source code actually executed on a given request. While a code optimizer may even slow down overall performance when used in isolation, it can provide an additional performance boost when coupled with a code cache as the optimization effort is performed just once.

Made in October Overview PHP only parses code within its delimiters. Anything outside its delimiters is sent directly to the output and not parsed by PHP. This may be helpful if the source code documents ever need to be processed in other ways during the life of the software.

For this reason the use of Short tags and ASP style tags is discouraged. Everything outside the delimiters is ignored by the parser and is passed through as output. One of the language characteristic features is implicit variable declaration. Variables are prefixed with a dollar symbol and a type does not need to be specified in advance. Unlike function and class names, variable names are case sensitive.

Learning PHP, MySQL, JavaScript, and CSS (5th edition)

Both double-quoted "" and heredoc strings allow the ability to embed a variable's value into the Ml string. PHP treats newlines as whitespace, in the manner of a free-form language except when inside string quotes. Statements are terminated by a semicolon. Many examples use the print function instead of the echo function. Both functions are nearly identical; the major difference being that print is slower than echo because the former will return a status indicating if it was successful or not in addition to text to output, whereas the latter does not return a status and only returns the text for output.

This syntax is called colon syntax and affects the following control structures: if, while, for, foreach, and switch. The syntax varies only slightly from the curly-brace syntax. This range is typically that of bit signed integers. Integer variables can be assigned using decimal positive and negative , octal and hexadecimal notations.

Real numbers are also stored in a platform-specific range. They can be specified using floating point notation, or two forms of scientific notation. Using the Boolean type conversion rules, non-zero values are interpreted as true and zero as false, as in Perl.


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  4. The null data type represents a variable that has no value. The only value in the null data type is NULL. Variables of the "resource" type represent references to resources from external sources. These are typically created by functions from a particular extension, and can only be processed by functions from the same extension. Examples include file, image and database resources. Arrays can contain elements of any type that PHP can handle, including resources, objects, and even other arrays. Order is preserved in lists of values and in hashes with both keys and values, and the two can be intermingled.

    Objects can syntactically be used as Arrays. Functions PHP has hundreds of base functions and thousands more from extensions. Functions are not first-class functions and ri2i can only be referenced by their name prior to PHP version 5. User-defined functions can be created at any time and without being prototyped. Functions can be defined inside code blocks, permitting a run-time decision as to whether or not a function should be defined. There is no concept of local functions. Function calls must use parentheses with the exception of zero argument class constructor functions called with the PHP new operator, where parentheses are optional.

    These are not true anonymous functions because anonymous functions are nameless but functions can only be referenced by name in PHP. As of ri2i version 5. Function calls may be made via variables, where the value of a variable contains the name of the function to call.

    Some core PHP developers have publicly expressed disappointment with this decision.

    Others have suggested workarounds for this limitation. Objects Basic object-oriented programming functionality was added in PHP 3. Object handling was completely rewritten for PHP 5, expanding the feature set and enhancing performance. In previous versions of PHP, objects were handled like primitive types. The drawback of this method was that the whole object was copied when a variable was assigned or passed as a parameter to a method. In the new approach, objects are referenced by handle, and not by value.

    PHP 5 introduced private and protected member variables and methods, along with abstract classes and final classes as well as abstract methods and final methods. There are special interfaces that allow objects to interact with the runtime system. Objects implementing ArrayAccess can be used with array syntax and objects implementing Iterator or IteratorAggregate can be used with the foreach language construct. The static method and class variable features in Zend Engine 2 do not work the way some would expect.

    There is no virtual table feature in the engine, so static variables are bound with a name instead of a reference at compile time. This example shows how to define a class, f oo, that inherits from class bar. The function mystaticfunc is a public static function that can be called with f oo : :mystaticfunc ;. If not, it will call a default clone which will copy the object's properties. If a clone method is defined, then it will be responsible for setting the necessary properties in the created object.

    For convenience, the engine will supply a function that imports the properties of the source object, so that the programmer can start with a by-value replica of the source object and only override properties that need to be changed. References [I] Bray, Tim; et al 26 November The PHP Group.

    Code Newbie. Kwista, LLC. SEO Egghead Inc.. It also distributes extensions from the open source implementation of PHP. This uses a dual process model where the Java libraries are run in a separate process from the PHP runtime. This reduces the overhead of interacting with Java libraries when compared with the dual process model.

    Soon after it was launched, the repository was opened for contribution from other authors. As of May , over packages were submitted to the site by more than contributing authors. The number of submitted packages and authors is listed mi in the site statistics page , which is updated automatically every day.